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Forum > Ngữ php tiếng Anh >> Adverbs of Frequency

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 Post by: lovelycat
 member
 ID 14061
 Date: 11/17/2006


Adverbs of Frequency
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Adverbs of frequency tell us how often something happens/is the case, happened/was the case, will happen/will be the case, etc.


There are lots of them. Here are some examples:















always



constantly habitually chiefly predominantly typically continuously



usually normally mostly generally commonly largely regularly



often frequently


repeatedly



sometimes occasionally sporadically intermittently spasmodically



rarely infrequently seldom



never




Where do they come in the sentence?



1. If the sentence has one verb in it (e.g. no auxiliary verb) we usually put the adverb in the middle of the sentence, i.e. after the subject and before the verb:



Position A



















subject



adverb



verb



predicate



Tom



usually



goes



to work by car.




2. The adverb usually comes after the verb "be":



Position B


















subject



verb



adverb



predicate



Tom


Anne



is


isn’t



often


usually



late.


late.



 


This is not the case if we put the adverb at the beginning or end of the sentence for emphasis.


This rule also does not apply to short answers:














Speaker A: Is she usually on time?



Speaker A: Tell her not to be late.



Speaker A: Yes, she usually is.



Speaker B: She never is.



The rule is broken in other cases too, e.g.

















Speaker A: What are you doing here? Shouldn’t you be at school?



Speaker B



I



normally



am



at school at this time,



but my teacher is ill.


































Speaker A: You’re late again!



Speaker B:



I



usually



am



late on Mondays because the traffic is so bad.


         

Speaker A: Tom is late again!



Speaker B:



Tom



usually



is



late!













I



never



was



any good at maths.



 



3. If the sentence has more than one verb in it (e.g. auxiliary verb) we usually put the adverb after the first part of the verb:



Position C





















subject



verb 1



adverb



verb 2



predicate



I


Anne


The children



can


doesn’t


have



never


usually


often



remember


smoke.


complained



his name.


about the state of the school toilets.




Exception:



In sentences with "have to" the adverb is in position A:




















subject



adverb



verb 1



verb 2



predicate



We



often



have to



wait



for the bus.



 



4. For emphasis we can put the adverb at the beginning or end of the sentence.



At the end is unusual – we usually only put it there when we have forgotten to put it in earlier.



Position D



















adverb



subject



verb 1



predicate



Sometimes



we



go



to school by bus.




Position E



















subject



verb 1



predicate



adverb



We



go



to school by bus



- sometimes.




 


Exceptions:



"Always" can’t go at the beginning or end of the sentence.


"Never", "seldom", "rarely" can’t go at the end of a sentence. They only go at the beginning of a sentence in "polemic statements". Then they have to be followed by the word order for questions:













Never



has



there



been



a better time to overcome our differences!














Rarely



do



we



have



an opportunity like this to…














Seldom



had



the orchestra



given



a worse performance.




5. When using adverbs of frequency in the question form, put the adverb before the main verb.



Position F





















Auxiliary verb



subject



Adverb



verb 1



predicate



Do



you



often



go



to the cinema?




Exceptions:



"Never", "seldom", "rarely" and other adverbs of frequency with a negative sense are not usually used in the question form.



6. When using adverbs of frequency in the negative form, put the adverb before the main verb.



Position G





















subject



Auxiliary verb



Adverb



verb 1



predicate



They



don’t



often



go



to the cinema.




Exceptions:



"Never", "seldom", "rarely" and other adverbs of frequency with a negative sense are not usually used in the negative form.


Many thanks to Claire Capellen for contributing this valuable resource!



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