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Forum > Ngữ php tiếng Anh >> Remember.

Bấm vo đy để gp kiến

 Post by: lovelycat
 ID 13830
 Date: 10/07/2006

profile - trang ca nhan  posts - bai da dang    edit -sua doi, thay doi  post reply - goy y kien
*Many verbs in English are followed by an adverb or a preposition (also called a particle), and these two-part verbs, also called phrasal verbs, are different from verbs with helpers. The particle that follows the verb changes the meaning of the phrasal verb in idiomatic ways:



drop off

decline gradually

The hill dropped off near the river.

drop off(2)

fall asleep

While doing his homework, he dropped off.

drop off(3)

stop and give something to someone

Would you drop this off at the post office?

drop out

cease to participate

After two laps, the runner dropped out.

Some particles can be separated from the verb so that a noun and pronoun can be inserted, and some particles can't be separated from the verb. In addition, some phrases are intransitive, meaning they cannot take a direct object.


add up (meaning: to add)

Correct: She added up the total on her calculator.

Correct: She added it up on her calculator.


get around (meaning: to evade)

Correct: She always gets around the rules.

Incorrect: She always gets the rules around (This construction makes no sense in English.)

Intransitive catch on (meaning: to understand) Correct: After I explained the math problem, she began to catch on.

Incorrect: She began to catch on the math problem. (catch on cannot take a direct object in this meaning.)

Correct: She began to catch on to the math problem. (the word to makes the math problem an indirect object, which is acceptable in this meaning.)

Unfortunately, there is usually no indicator whether an idiomatic phrase is separable, inseparable, or intransitive. In most cases the phrases must simply be memorized. Below is a partial list of each kind of phrase.


add up - add

back up - cause to move backwards; support; blow up; cause to explode; destroy by explosives

break down - analyze; list the parts of separately

break into - go into a house or room forcibly; suddenly; begin; bring about - cause to happen

bring off - accomplish

bring on - cause

bring out - publish; emphasize

bring over - bring

bring to - revive

bring up - raise; care for from childhood

brush out - brush the inside of

burn down - destroy by burning

burn up - consume by fire

buy out - by the other person's share of a business

buy up - buy the whole supply of

call off - cancel; order away

call up - telephone; summon for military service

calm down - become calm

carry on - continue

carry out - fulfill; complete; accomplish; perform

carry over - carry; continue at another time or place

cheer up - cause to become cheerful

chew up - chew thoroughly

chop up - chop into small pieces

clean off - clean the surface of

clean out - clean the inside of

clean up - clarify; tidy

clear out - clear the surface of

clear up - clear the inside of

close down - close permanently

close up - close temporarily

count in - include

count out - exclude

count up - calculate; count; add to a total

cross out - eliminate

cut off - interrupt; sever; amputate

cut out - eliminate; delete

cut down - reduce in quantity

draw up - write; compose (a document)

dress up - put clothes on; adorn

dust out - dust the inside of

eat up - eat completely

figure out - interpret; understand

figure up - compute

fill in - complete (a printed form)

fill out - complete (a printed form)

fill up - fill completely (a container)

find out - discover

fix up - repair; arrange in a suitable manner

get across - cause to be understood

give back - return

give out - distribute; announce

give up - surrender something

hand down - deliver; pronounce formally; leave as an inheritance

hand over - yield control of

hang up - suspend

have on - be dressed in

have over - entertain someone informally at one's home

hold off - delay; restrain

hold up - delay; rob; threaten with a weapon

keep up - continue; keep the same pace

leave out - omit

let down - disappoint

let out - release from confinement; make larger (in sewing)

light up - light; illuminate thoroughly

live down - live in such a way as to cause something to be forgotten

make over - remake

move over - move to the side

pass out - distribute

pass up - not take advantage of (as an opportunity)

pass on - transmit

pay back - repay

pay off - discharge a debt completely; give someone his final pay

pick up - come to meet an escort; lift with hands or fingers; learn casually;

initiate an association publicly

play down - minimize

play up - emphasize

point out - indicate

pull down - pull in a downward direction; raze

push across - cause to be understood or accepted

put off - postpone

put on - dress in; deceive or fool

put up - preserve (food); receive as an overnight guest

quiet down - be quiet

ring up - the telephone

rinse off - rinse the surface of

rinse out - rinse the inside of

rule out - eliminate

run down - trace; disparage; hit with a vehicle

run off - cause to depart; reproduce mechanically

save up - accumulate

see through - complete; in spite of difficulties

see off - accompany someone to the beginning of a trip

send back - send to a place where formerly located

send over - send to where someone is

set up - arrange

show off - exhibit ostentatiously

shut off - cause to cease functioning

slow up - cause to move more slowly

spell out - enumerate; state in detail

stand up - fail to keep an appointment with

sweep out - sweep the inside of

take back - return; retract a statement

take down - remove from a high position; write from dictation

take in - understood; fool; deceive; make smaller (in sewing)

take over - take; assume command of

tear down - destroy

tear up - tear into small pieces

tell off - scold; reprimand

think over - consider

think through - consider from beginning to end

think up - create; invent

throw away - discard

throw over - reject

tie up - tie securely or tight

tire out - cause to be exhausted

touch up - repair

try on - put on a garment to verify the fit

try out - test

turn down - refuse; lower the volume

turn out - produce; force into exile, extinguish (a light)

wash off - wash the surface of

wash out - wash the inside of

wear out - use until no longer usable; tire greatly

wind up - finish, tighten the spring of a watch or machine

wipe off - wipe the surface of

wipe out - wipe the inside of; decimate

work out - solve

write down - record

write out - write down every detail; spell out

write up - compose; prepare (a document)


back out of - desert; fail to keep a promise

bear down on - lean on; browbeat

bear on - have to do with

bear up under - endure

break in on - interrupt

break into - interrupt

call for - come to get; require

care for - like; guard; supervise; maintain

carry on with - continue

catch up with - cover the distance between oneself and

check up on - examine; verify

come across - find accidentally

come along with - accompany; make progress

come by - find accidentally

come down with - become ill with

come out with - utter; produce

come up with - utter; produce

count on - rely on

cut in on - interrupt

disagree with - cause illness or discomfort to

do away with - abolish

do without - deprive oneself of

drop in at/on - visit casually without planning

drop out of - leave; quit

face up to - acknowledge

fall behind in - lag; not progress at required pace

fall back on - use for emergency purpose

fall out with - quarrel with

fill in for - substitute for

get ahead of - surpass; beat

get around - evade; avoid

get away with - do without being caught or punished

get by with - manage with a minimum of effort

get down to - become serious about; consider

get in - enter (a vehicle)

get off - descend from; leave

get on - enter (a vehicle); mount

get on with - proceed with

get through with - terminate, finish

go back on - desert; fail to keep (a promise)

go for - like a great deal

go in for - be interested in; participate in

go on with - continue

go over - review

go with - harmonize with; look pleasing together

go without - abstain from

hang around - remain idly in the vicinity of

hear from - receive a communication from

hear of - learn about (sometimes accidentally)

hit on - discover accidentally

hold on to - grasp tightly

hold out against - resist

keep at - persevere at

keep to - persist in; continue

keep up with - maintain the pace of

lie down on - evade; fail to do

live on - support or sustain oneself by means of

live up to - maintain the standard demanded of

look after - take care of

look back on - remember nostalgically

look down on - feel superior to

look forward to - anticipate

look up to - respect; admire

make up for - compensate for

pass on - transmit

pick on - tease; bully

play up to - flatter for personal advantage

put up with - tolerate

read up on - search out information on

run against - compete against in an election

run away with - leave; escape from

run for - campaign for

see about - consider; arrange

see to - arrange; supervise

settle on - decide on; choose

stand for - represent; permit

stand up for - support; demand

stand up to - resist

stick to - persist

stick up for - support; defend

take after - resemble

talk back to - answer impolitely

talk over - discuss

tell on - report misbehavior to authority

touch on - mention briefly

turn into - become

wait on - serve

wait up for - not go to bed while waiting for

watch out for - be careful for


back down - retreat from a position in an argument

back out - desert; fail to keep a promise

back up - move backwards

bear up - endure

blow in - drop in to visit unexpectedly

blow over - pass without doing harm

blow up - explode; lose one's temper

call up - telephone

calm down - become calm

carry on - continue as before; misbehave

catch on - understand

catch up - cover the distance between oneself and a moving goal

check up - investigate

check out - leave; pay one's bill

cheer up - become cheerful

clear out - leave

clear up - become clear

close down - close permanently

close up - close temporarily

came about - happen

come along - accompany; make progress

come back - return

come by - visit someone in his home

come out - appear; make a social debut

come over - come to someone's house, to where someone is

come through - succeed

come to - regain consciousness

cut in - interrupt

die away - fade; diminish

die down - fade; diminish

die off/out - disappear; become extinct

dress up - don fancy or unusual clothes

drive back - return by car

drop in - visit someone casually without planning

drop out - abandon some organized activity; leave; quit

drop over - visit someone casually

fall behind - not progress at required pace

fall off - decrease; lose weight

fall through - fail; not be accomplished

fill in - substitute

find out - learn

fly back - return by air

fly over - fly to where someone is

get ahead - make progress

get along - have a friendly relationship

get around - circulate; move about

get away - escape

get by - manage; either just barely or with a minimum of effort

get in - enter

get off - descend from leave

get on - enter (a vehicle); mount (a horse, etc.)

get on/along - progress; be compatible

get up - rise

get through - finish

give out - become exhausted

give up - surrender; fail to finish

go back - return

go off - explode

go on - happen; continue

go out - stop burning; leave one's residence

go over - go; succeed

grow up - mature

hang around - remain idly; dawdle

hang up - replace a telephone receive on its hook

hold on - grasp tightly; persevere; wait while telephoning

hold out - continue to resist; persevere; persist

keep on - continue

keep up - maintain the required pace or standard; continue

let up - diminish in intensity

lie down - recline

look on - be a spectator

make out - progress; succeed

make up - become reconciled

move over - move to the side

pan out - turn out well; be successful

pass out - become unconscious

pass on - die

pick up - grow; increase

pull in - arrive

pull out - deport

pull through - survive (barely)

ride over - ride to where someone is

run away - escape; leave; leave quickly without permission

run down - slowly lose power so as to stop functioning

run off - depart running; drain

sell out - sell the ownership or responsibility

settle up - pay one's bills or debts

show off - boast by words or actions

show up - arrive; appear unexpectedly

shut up - stop talking

slow up - reduce speed

stand by - wait; be prepared to assist

stand up - stand; rise from sitting; last; endure

stay over - remain at someone's house overnight or longer

step aside - move to one side

take off - leave the ground

take over - assume command

talk back - answer impolitely

throw up - vomit

turn around - turn so that one is facing another direction

turn in - go to bed

turn out - succeed; come; appear, as at a public meeting

turn up - arrive; be found unexpectedly

wait up - remain awake in anticipation

wake up - awaken

walk back - return on foot to where one was

walk over - walk to where someone is

wash out - fade or disappear from washing

watch out - be careful

wear off - fade; disappear through use or time

wear out - become unusable through use; become used up

work out - be successful

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